|12 Months Ended|
May 31, 2021
|Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]|
Note 6. Derivative Liabilities
The investor and placement agent warrants issued in connection with a registered direct offering in September 2016 contained a provision for net cash settlement if there is a fundamental transaction (contractually defined as a merger, sale of substantially all assets, tender offer or share exchange, whereby a person or group acquires more than 50% of the outstanding common stock). If a fundamental transaction occurs in which the consideration issued consists principally of cash or stock in a successor entity, then the warrant holder has the option to receive cash equal to the fair value of the remaining unexercised portion of the warrant. Due to this contingent cash settlement provision, the investor and placement agent warrants require liability classification as derivatives in accordance with ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, and ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and are recorded at fair value. All of the investors and placement agent warrants were exercised during the fiscal year ended May 31, 2020.
The following table summarizes the fair value of the warrant derivative liability and related common shares as of inception date (September 15, 2016), May 31, 2019 and May 31, 2020 (in thousands):
Changes in the fair value of the derivative liability are reported as “Change in fair value of derivative liabilities” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. During the fiscal years ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 the Company recognized a non-cash (loss) gain of approximately ($11.5) million and $0.9 million, respectively, due to the changes in the fair value of the liability associated with such classified warrants.
ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, provides requirements for disclosure of liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis in periods after the initial recognition. Fair values for the warrants were determined using a Binomial Lattice valuation model.
The Company estimated the fair value of the warrant derivative liability as of inception date (September 15, 2016), and May 31, 2019 using the following assumptions:
Due to the fundamental transaction provision contained in the warrants, which could provide for early redemption of the warrants, the model also considered subjective assumptions related to the fundamental transaction provision. The fair value of the warrants will be significantly influenced by the fair value of the Company’s stock price, stock price volatility, changes in interest rates and management’s assumptions related to the fundamental transaction provisions.
As described in Note 5 above, the redemption provision embedded in the June 2018 and January 2019 Notes required bifurcation and measurement at fair value as a derivative. The fair value of the note redemption provision derivative liabilities was calculated using a Monte Carlo Simulation which uses randomly generated stock-price paths obtained
through a Geometric Brownian Motion stock price simulation. The fair value of the redemption provision will be significantly influenced by the fair value of the Company’s stock price, stock price volatility, changes in interest rates, and management’s assumptions related to the redemption factor. The Company estimated the fair value of the redemptive provision using the following assumptions on the closing dates of November 15, 2018, and January 30, 2019, and on May 31, 2019:
As discussed above, the June 2018 and January 2019 Notes were fully satisfied and there is no outstanding balance as of May 31, 2021 or May 31, 2020.
The following table summarizes the fair value of the convertible note redemption provision derivative liability as of inception dates November 15, 2018 and January 30, 2019, and May 31, 2019 (in thousands):
The Company recognized approximately $2.0 million and $0.4 million of non-cash gain, due to the changes in the fair value of the liability associated with such classified redemption provision for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019, respectively. There was no gain or loss for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2021, as the notes were fully satisfied during the fiscal year ended May 31, 2020.
The entire disclosure for derivative instruments and hedging activities including, but not limited to, risk management strategies, non-hedging derivative instruments, assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and methodologies and assumptions used in determining the amounts.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef