Acquisition of Patents and Intangibles
|9 Months Ended|
Feb. 29, 2020
|Acquisition of Patents and Intangibles||
Note 8 – Acquisition of Patents and Intangibles
As discussed in Note 10 below, the Company consummated an asset purchase with Progenics on October 16, 2012, and paid $3,500,000 for certain assets, including intellectual property, certain related licenses and sublicenses, FDA filings and various forms of the leronlimab (PRO 140) drug substance. The Company followed the guidance in Financial Accounting Standards Topic 805 to determine if the Company acquired a business. Based on the prescribed accounting, the Company acquired assets and not a business. As of February 29, 2020, the Company has recorded and is amortizing approximately $3.5 million of intangible assets in the form of patents. The Company estimates the acquired patents have an estimated life of ten years. Subsequent to the acquisition date, the Company has continued to expand, amend and file new patents central to its current clinical trial strategies, which, in turn, have extended the protection period for certain methods of using leronlimab (PRO 140) and formulations comprising leronlimab (PRO 140) out through at least 2031 and 2038, respectively, in various countries.
On November 16, 2018, the Company completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of ProstaGene, LLC (“ProstaGene”), a biotechnology
start-upcompany, which included patents related to clinical research, a proprietary CCR5 technology for early cancer diagnosis, and a noncompetition agreement with ProstaGene’s founder and Chief Executive Officer, Richard G. Pestell, M.D., Ph.D. The acquisition of ProstaGene’s assets expands the Company’s clinical development of leronlimab (PRO 140) into cancer indications and commercialization of a certain cancer diagnostic test.
The aggregate purchase price paid for the ProstaGene acquisition was $11,558,000 based on the issuance of 20,278,000 shares of common stock of CytoDyn at $0.57 per share, which included 1,620,000 shares earned at the time of the transaction and subsequently issued on January 21, 2020, to an investment bank for advisory services related to the acquisition. In connection with the purchase, the Company entered into a Stock Restriction Agreement (“Agreement”), restricting the transfer of 8,342,000 shares of common stock payable to Dr. Pestell for a three-year period from the closing date of the transaction. Dr. Pestell’s employment with the Company was terminated on July 25, 2019, and pursuant to the employment agreement, on September 13, 2019 the Company exercised its option to repurchase such Restricted Shares from Dr. Pestell at a purchase price of $0.001 per share. The repurchase is currently the subject of a litigation proceeding between Dr. Pestell and the Company. See Part II, Item 1.
A summary of the net purchase price and allocation to the acquired assets of ProstaGene is as follows:
Assets acquired from ProstaGene include (1) patents issued in the United States and Australia related to “Prostate Cancer Cell Lines, Gene Signatures and Uses Thereof” and “Use of Modulators of CCR5 in the Treatment of Cancer and Cancer Metastasis,” (2) an algorithm used to identify a
14-genesignature to predict the likelihood and severity of cancer diagnoses, and (3) a noncompetition agreement in connection with an employment agreement with Dr. Pestell as Chief Medical Officer of the Company. The fair value of the assets acquired approximates the consideration paid. The Company did not assume any liabilities. The Company accounted for the ProstaGene acquisition as an asset acquisition under ASC
“Business Combinations” because the assets retained from ProstaGene do not include an assembled workforce, and the gross value of the assets acquired meets the screen test in ASC
related to substantially all of the fair value being concentrated in a single asset or group of assets (i.e., the proprietary technology and patents) and, thus, is not considered a business. Thus, management concluded that the acquisition did not include both an input and substantive processes that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs.
The fair value of the technology acquired is identified using the Income Approach. The fair value of the patents acquired is identified using the Cost to Reproduce Method. The fair value of noncompetition agreement acquired is identified using the Residual Value Method. Goodwill is not recorded as the transaction represents an asset acquisition in accordance with ASU
2017-01.Acquisition costs for asset acquisitions are capitalized and included in the total cost of the transaction. In addition, pursuant to ASC 805, the net tax effect of the deferred tax liability arising from the book to tax basis differences is recorded as a cost of the acquisition.
The following presents intangible assets activity:
Amortization expense related to intangible assets was approximately $0.5 million and $1.5 million and $0.5 million and $0.7 million for the three and nine months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively. The estimated aggregate future amortization expense related to the Company’s intangible assets with finite lives is estimated to be approximately $2.0 million per year for the next two years, $1.4 million the following year, $1.1 million for the next seven years, and $940,000 for the last year. There were no impairment charges for the nine months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019.
The entire disclosure for a business combination (or series of individually immaterial business combinations) completed during the period, including background, timing, and recognized assets and liabilities. The disclosure may include leverage buyout transactions (as applicable).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef