|6 Months Ended|
Nov. 30, 2014
Note 4—Convertible Instruments
During fiscal year 2010, the Company issued 400,000 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series B”) at $5.00 per share for cash proceeds totaling $2,009,000, of which 95,100 shares remain outstanding at November 30, 2014. Each share of the Series B is convertible into ten shares of the Company’s common stock including any accrued dividend, with an effective fixed conversion price of $.50 per share. The holders of the Series B can only convert their shares to common shares if the Company has sufficient authorized common shares at the time of conversion. Accordingly, the conversion option was contingent upon the Company increasing its authorized common shares, which occurred in April 2010, when the Company’s shareholders approved an increase to the authorized shares of common stock to 100,000,000. At the commitment date, which occurred upon such shareholder approval, the conversion option related to the Series B was beneficial. The intrinsic value of the conversion option at the commitment date resulted in a constructive dividend to the Series B holders of approximately $6,000,000. The constructive dividend increased and decreased additional paid-in capital by identical amounts. The Series B has liquidation preferences over the common shares at $5.00 per share plus any accrued dividends. Dividends are payable to the Series B holders when declared by the board of directors at the rate of $.25 per share per annum. Such dividends are cumulative and accrue whether or not declared and whether or not there are any profits, surplus or other funds or assets of the Company legally available. The Series B holders have no voting rights.
During the six months ended November 30, 2014 and the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014, the Company issued $0 and $1,200,000, respectively, of unsecured convertible notes with a fixed conversion rate, (the “Notes”) to investors for cash. Each Note is convertible, at the election of the holder, at any time into common shares at a fixed conversion price of the principal balance at November 30, 2014. As of such date, $3,096,250 of the face amount of the Notes was convertible at $.75 per share. The Notes are payable in full between October 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015. The Notes bear interest at rates that range from 5% to 10% per year, payable in cash semi-annually in arrears beginning on April 1, 2013. In connection with the sale of the Notes, detachable common stock warrants, with terms of two or three years, were issued to the investors to purchase a total of 9,451,056 common shares at exercise prices ranging from $.50 to $2.00 per share. The unexpired portion of the warrants shares of 1,895,380 is currently exercisable in full. The Company determined the fair value of the warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model utilizing certain weighted average assumptions such as expected stock price volatility, term of the warrants, risk-free interest rates, and expected dividend yield at the commitment date.
During the six months ended November 30, 2014, three holders of the Company’s Notes elected to convert their Notes into common stock, in the aggregate principal amount of $1,175,000 and accrued, but unpaid, interest of $4,702. The aggregate principal converted included $1,000,000, held by a related party. The three conversions resulted in the issuance of 1,567,639 shares of common stock and a cash interest payment of $3,973. In connection with the conversion of the Notes, the Company agreed to reduce the exercise price of warrants held by such holders from $1.50 and $2.00 to $.55 and resulted in the issuance of 1,413,333 shares of common stock and receipt by the Company of $777,333 of proceeds. Pursuant to U.S. GAAP, reducing the exercise price of the warrants to $.55 per share is characterized as inducement to convert the debt and, as such, the Company recognized non-cash interest expense of approximately $353,000 during the six months ended November 30, 2014, which was the fair value of the warrants at the time of exercise.
Additionally, at the commitment date of the aforementioned Notes, the Company determined that the initial conversion feature related to the Notes was beneficial to the investors. As a result, the Company determined the intrinsic value of the conversion feature utilizing the fair value of the common stock at the commitment date and the effective conversion price after discounting the Notes for the fair value of the warrants. The fair value of the warrants and the intrinsic value of the conversion were recorded as a debt discount to the Notes, and a corresponding increase to additional paid-in capital. In general, the respective debt discounts, at the commitment dates, exceeded the face amount of the Notes, and accordingly, the discounts were limited to the cash proceeds received from the Notes. The debt discounts are being amortized over the life of the Notes. During the six months ended November 30, 2014 and 2013, the Company recognized approximately $1,044,000 and $3,047,000 as non-cash, interest expense related to amortization of the debt discount. The unamortized discounts are fully amortized upon the conversion of the Notes before maturity. Activity related to the Notes was as follows:
During the six months ended November 30, 2014, the Company issued an unsecured convertible promissory note (the “AVCP Note”) in the aggregate principal amount of $2,000,000 to Alpha Venture Capital Partners, L.P. (“AVCP”). The AVCP Note bears simple interest at the annual rate of 5%, payable quarterly. The principal balance of the AVCP Note is due and payable in full on September 26, 2016, subject to acceleration of payment in the event of default. Prepayment is permitted without penalty. The AVCP Note includes events of default for nonpayment of principal or interest when due or other breaches of the AVCP Note, as well as for breach of any term of the AVCP Note and related warrant agreement. The principal amount of the Note plus unpaid accrued interest is convertible at the election of the holder into shares of the Company’s common stock at any time prior to maturity at an initial conversion price of $1.00 per share. The conversion price is subject to (i) adjustment for stock splits and similar corporate events and (ii) reduction to a price per share that is 10% below the lowest sale price that is below $.9444 per share, for shares of CytoDyn common stock sold in future securities offerings, including sales to AVCP and its designees subject to certain exempt transactions. Without AVCP’s prior written consent, the Company may not incur additional indebtedness for borrowed money, other than up to an additional $6.0 million in convertible promissory notes that may be issued to AVCP or related parties, unless such indebtedness is subordinated in right of payment to the Company’s obligations under the AVCP Note and any additional notes issued to AVCP or related parties.
As part of the AVCP investment, the Company issued a warrant to AVCP covering 250,000 shares of the Company’s common stock exercisable at a price of $0.50 per share. The warrants are currently exercisable in full, include a cashless exercise feature, and will expire on December 31, 2019.
The Company accounted for the AVCP Note and warrant issued for cash as a financing transaction, wherein the proceeds received were allocated to the financial instruments issued. Prior to making the accounting allocation, the AVCP Note and warrant were evaluated for proper classification under FASB ASC 480 “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity” (“ASC 480”) and FASB ASC 815. FASB ASC 815 generally requires embedded terms and features that have characteristics of derivatives to be evaluated for bifurcation and separate accounting in instances where their economic risks and characteristics are not clearly and closely related to the risks of the host contract. The embedded derivative features consist of the conversion price being subject to (i) adjustment for stock splits and similar corporate events and (ii) reduction to a conversion price per share that is 10% below the lowest sale price that is below $.9444 per share for common stock sold in future securities offerings, subject to certain exempt transactions. The note conversion round down (or anti-dilution) provision terms are not consistent with the definition for financial instruments indexed to the Company’s stock. As such, the conversion option and conversion reset price protection in the AVCP Note require bifurcation as a derivative liability.
The aforementioned warrant has a term of five years from inception and an exercise price of $.50 per share and it meets the conditions for equity classification per ASC 815. The fair value of the warrants was determined using a Black Scholes option model using the following assumptions: risk free interest rate of 1.82%, expected life of 5 years, expected volatility of 136% and a dividend yield of 0.00%. Based on the previous conclusions, the Company allocated the cash proceeds first to the derivative liability at its fair value, then, to the warrant at its relative fair value, with the residual allocated to the host AVCP Note agreement, as follows:
Promissory notes payable which are convertible into common shares. Notes also include attached warrants to purchase common stock at a stated price per share.
No definition available.