Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Derivative Liability

Derivative Liability
3 Months Ended
Aug. 31, 2018
Derivative Liability

Note 5 – Derivative Liability

The investor warrants issued with the September 2016 registered direct equity offering, and the placement agent warrants issued in conjunction with the offering, as fully described in Note 11, contain a provision for net cash settlement in the event that there is a fundamental transaction (contractually defined as a merger, sale of substantially all assets, tender offer or share exchange). If a fundamental transaction occurs in which the consideration issued consists principally of cash or stock in a successor entity, then the warrantholder has the option to receive cash equal to the fair value of the remaining unexercised portion of the warrant. Due to this contingent cash settlement provision, the investor and placement agent warrants require liability classification as derivatives in accordance with ASC 480 and ASC 815 and are recorded at fair value.


The following tables summarize the fair value of the warrant derivative liability and related common shares as of inception date September 15, 2016, May 31, 2018 and August 31, 2018:


     Shares Indexed      Derivative Liability  

Inception date September 15, 2016

     7,733,334      $ 5,179,200  

Balance May 31, 2018

     7,733,334        1,323,732  

Balance August 31, 2018

     7,733,334      $ 2,071,199  

The Company recognized approximately $747,000 and $363,000 of non-cash loss, due to the changes in the fair value of the liability associated with such classified warrants during the three months ended August 31, 2018 and August 31, 2017, respectively.

ASC 820 provides requirements for disclosure of liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis in periods subsequent to the initial recognition. Fair values for the warrants were determined using a Binomial Lattice (“Lattice”) valuation model.

The Company estimated the fair value of the warrant derivative liability as of inception date September 15, 2016, May 31, 2018 and August 31, 2018, using the following assumptions:


     September 15,
     May 31,
     August 31,

Fair value of underlying stock

   $ 0.78      $ 0.49      $ 0.69  

Risk free rate

     1.20%        2.63%        2.72%  

Expected term (in years)

     5        3.3        3.04  

Stock price volatility

     106%        64%        64%  

Expected dividend yield

     —          —          —    

Probability of Fundamental Transaction

     50%        50%        50%  

Probability of holder requesting cash payment

     50%        50%        50%  

Due to the fundamental transaction provision contained in the warrants, which could provide for early redemption of the warrants, the model also considered subjective assumptions related to the fundamental transaction provision. The fair value of the warrants will be significantly influenced by the fair value of the Company’s stock price, stock price volatility, changes in interest and management’s assumptions related to the fundamental transaction provisions.