Stock Options and Warrants
|12 Months Ended|
May. 31, 2015
|Stock Options and Warrants||
Note 6 – Stock Options and Warrants
The Company has one active stock-based equity plan at May 31, 2015, the CytoDyn Inc. 2012 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2012 Plan”), which was approved by shareholders at the Company’s 2012 annual meeting of shareholders to replace the 2004 Stock Incentive Plan and subsequently amended by shareholder approval in February 2015 to increase the number of shares available for issuance from 3,000,000 to 5,000,000 shares of common stock. As of May 31, 2015, the Company had 2,754,930 shares available for future stock-based grants under the 2012 Plan.
During the year ended May 31, 2015, the Company granted options to purchase a total of 483,973 shares of common stock to directors and an employee, with exercise prices ranging from $.66 to $.81 per share. The director option awards covering 333,973 shares, vest at 25% per quarter over one year and an option covering 100,000 shares vest at 50% per year over two years, all with a five-year term. The grant date fair value related to these options was $.35 per share. The employee award covering 50,000 shares of common stock vests ratably over three years with a five-year term. The grant date fair value related to the employee award was $.43 per share.
During the year ended May 31, 2015, in connection with the two AVCP Notes (see Note 4), the Company issued warrants covering 250,000 and 75,000 shares of the Company’s common stock exercisable at a price of $0.50 per share. The warrants are currently exercisable in full, include a cashless exercise feature and have a five-year term.
During the year ended May 31, 2015 the Company granted a warrant to purchase a total of 150,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.15 per share to a third party consulting firm retained by the Company. The warrant, which expires on December 8, 2019, vests and becomes exercisable cumulatively in three tranches of 50,000 shares each in March 2015, September 2015 and March 2016. In the event the Company terminates its contract with the holder, vesting terminates immediately. The Company’s board of directors granted a warrant to purchase a total of 100,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.15 per share to a scientific advisor retained by the Company. The warrant, which will terminate in December 2019, will become vested and exercisable cumulatively as follows, 33,334 shares in April 2015, and 33,333 shares each in August 2015 and December 2015, respectively. In addition, a warrant covering 150,000 shares of common stock was granted to an outside third party consultant retained by the Company. The exercise price was $.83 per share, with a five-year term expiring in March 2020 and vests 50% in March of 2016 and March of 2017. A warrant for 150,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.05 per share was granted to a consultant. The warrant vests based on certain milestones. The warrant expired during 2015, as the milestones were not achieved.
During the year ended May 31, 2015, in connection with an inducement to convert certain promissory notes into common stock, as described in Note 4, the Company issued warrants to replace previously expired warrants to purchase an aggregate of 6,310,677 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share. All but two of the warrants are exercisable through October 2015. One warrant, for the purchase of 186,667 shares of common stock, is exercisable through December 2015 and one warrant, for the purchase of 160,000 shares of common stock, is exercisable until January 15, 2016. The Company agreed to register for resale the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants. Pursuant to U.S. GAAP, issuance of warrants to induce the conversion debt is characterized as inducement interest expense and, as such, the Company recognized non-cash interest expense related to these replacement warrants of approximately $970,000 during the year ended May 31, 2015, which was the Black-Scholes fair value of the warrants at the time of issuance.
During the year ended May 31, 2015, in connection with an offer to induce the exercise of warrants initially issued with convertible debt, the Company agreed to reduce the exercise prices, which ranged from $0.75 and $2.00 per share, down to $0.55 per share, conditioned upon immediate exercise of the warrant. This inducement offer resulted in the issuance of 1,938,974 shares of common stock and receipt of proceeds by the Company of $1,066,435. Pursuant to U.S. GAAP, reducing the exercise price of warrants is characterized as inducement to convert the warrant and, as such, the Company recognized non-cash interest expense of approximately $555,000 during the year ended May 31, 2015, which was the fair value of the warrants at the time of exercise. In addition, a warrant covering 100,000 shares of common stock was exercised during the year ended May 31, 2015, at an exercise price of $0.75, with proceeds of $75,000 received by the Company.
As discussed in Note 4 above, in connection with the sale of approximately $4 million convertible Notes, the Company issued warrants to purchase a total of 1,061,586 common shares to investors. These warrants have a five-year term, an exercise price of $0.75 and are fully exercisable. In addition, the placement agent received a warrant covering 530,802 shares of common stock at $0.75 per share. The warrant has a five-year term, immediate vesting and a cashless exercise provision and is fully exercisable. The placement agent warrants were treated as debt issuance costs and the fair value of the warrants, which was approximately $285,000, is included in the total debt issuance costs (see Note 4).
Compensation expense related to stock options and warrants issued as compensation was approximately $631,000 and $928,400 for the year ended May 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The grant date fair value of options and warrants vested during the years ended May 31, 2015 and 2014, was approximately $886,000 and $2,274,000, respectively. As of May 31, 2015, there was approximately $527,000 of unrecognized compensation costs related to share-based payments for unvested options, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.13 years.
The estimated fair value of options and warrants is determined using the Black-Scholes option valuation model with the following weighted-average assumptions for the periods ended May 31, 2015 and 2014:
The following table represents stock option and warrant activity for the periods ended May 31, 2015 and 2014:
Note 7 – License Agreements
The entire disclosure for shareholders' equity comprised of portions attributable to the parent entity and noncontrolling interest, including other comprehensive income. Includes, but is not limited to, balances of common stock, preferred stock, additional paid-in capital, other capital and retained earnings, accumulated balance for each classification of other comprehensive income and amount of comprehensive income.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef